15 Most Commonly Used Ayurveda Medicinal Plants

There are list of medicinal tree and plants have been most useful in Ayurveda to diagnose various internal and external body ailments. Here is the list of top Ayurvedic medicine herbs with their botanical names and uses.

Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera)


Ashwagandha plant is one of the most commonly used medicinal herb in Ayurvedic medicine and effective for treating any ailment. The plant and its root powder, helps to reduce blood sugar, supports healthy joints and boost immune system.

Bhringraj (Eclipta prostrata)


Bhringraj widely distributed throughout India and has traditional uses in Ayurveda. The dried plant is used for treatment of skin infections, toothaches and the bhringraj oil is best for hair fall.

Punarnava (Boerhaavia diffusa)

Punarnava which means renews the body in Ayurveda also used as a green vegetable in many parts of India. The herbal medicine is a pain relief and an effective natural remedy that reduces swelling and body disorders.

Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus)

Shatavari plant is now considered endangered and an important plant in traditional medicine of Ayurveda. The medicinal properties of Shatavari has been used traditionally to support a number of body systems such as balanced female hormones, effect on the digestive and supports the immune system.

Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna)

Arjuna Tree is best natural remedy in Ayurveda for the treatment of heart disease. It has also been used for asthma and a traditional Ayurvedic medicine to balance all three kapha, pitta and vata.

Amla (Phyllanthus emblica)

Indian Gooseberry

Amla or Indian gooseberry is a edible fruit and one of the most sacred tree worshipped on Amalaka Ekadashi by Hindus as a deity. In traditional Indian medicine, All parts of the tree are used in various Ayurvedic but its dried and fresh fruits contain high amounts of ascorbic acid.

Harad (Terminalia chebula)

Terminalia chebula dried fruits along with Terminalia bellirica and Phyllanthus emblica are the main ingredient of Triphala. The fruit is good source of vitamin C and best for digestive system, immune system and relief of constipation and gas.

Holy Basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum)


Tulsi or Holy Basil plant is native to the Indian subcontinent with various religious and traditional medicine purposes. Holy basil widely used as a herbal tea and one of the most commonly used herb in Ayurveda for the treatment of malaria, nausea and vomiting.

Gurmar (Gymnema Sylvestre)

Gymnema Sylvestre has been used for medicinal purposes in Ayurvedic medicine and known as Gurmar which means sugar destroyer in Sanskrit. Gurmar plant is a very useful plant for various ailments and a traditional home remedy for diabetes.

Ghritkumari (Aloe Vera)

Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera is the most popular natural remedy and also the famous herb used in Ayurveda with many amazing benefits for skin, health, weight loss and also been used in cosmetics, skin lotion and sunburns.

Giloy (Tinospora cordifolia)


Giloy is a vine also known as Amrutha in Sanskrit and one of the most important natural remedy in Ayurvedic medicine for the treatment of chronic fever, digestion system and to boosts immunity.

Sarpagandha (Rauvolfia serpentina)

Sarpagandha or Indian snakeroot has several medicinal health benefits and known for its treatment of snake and spider bites. The plant is also an effective remedy to treat high blood pressure, treat gastro ailments and cure for acne.

Guggul (Commiphora wightii)

Guggul or Indian bdellium tree is a critically endangered tree and a key component in ancient Indian Ayurvedic system of medicine. The chemical ingredient of gum guggul are believed to decreased bad cholesterol, weight loss and chronic skin disorders.

Shankapushpi (Convolvulus Pluricaulis)

Shankapushpi herb is used in Ayurveda to support the nervous system and the brain functions. The blue flowers and all the other parts of the herb are good for learning, brain power and best natural remedy to improve memory.

Neem (Azadirachta indica)


Neem tree or Indian lilac is native to the Indian subcontinent and its fruits and seeds are the source of neem oil. Indian lilac flower and leaves are known for their medicinal properties, been used to treat skin diseases, detoxify the blood and healthy hair.

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